Advances in communication and travel has meant that the world is fast becoming a global village, and migration of people for various reasons is currently at its peak ever since the dawn of human civilization. People from varied ethnic, religious, and social backgrounds are today dwell together at a place they call home, their land, their nation. Though following different traditions and cultures, these people share a sense of belonging and identify with the place or nation or residence. They live there because they believe it is their own.
This is all tied into the concept or belief of nationalism and there are many different ways in which this expression of nationalism can occur. It can be expressed in various ways like civic nationalism, ethnic nationalism, cultural nationalism, religious nationalism or ideological nationalism. Cultural nationalism is where people identify with their fellow countrymen on the basis of a shared cultural background.* So, cultural nationalism can refer to movements of group allegiance based on a shared heritage as in language, history, literature, songs, religion, ideology, symbols, land, or monuments.
It has always been an important factor in the development of Europe. In the 19th century, a wave of romantic nationalism swept the European continent, transforming its countries. Some newly formed countries, such as Germany and Italy were formed by uniting various regional states with a common ‘national identity’. Others, such as Greece, Serbia, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria, were formed by uprisings against the Ottoman Empire and Russia. More concisely, nationalism better defined these countries.
Now, more than ever, Europe is facing both external and internal threats. European PC liberal politicians have exacerbated the internal ones by adhering to policies that have enabled the fostering of the Islamic religion – an ideology, that in its extremist form is incompatible with European cultural nationalism, and in many aspects is opposed to traditional European norms and ideals.
Fortunately, there is now a underswell of support for more nationalistic parties, particularly in the V5 countries, that is obliging the European Union to rethink its approach to mass migration and its support of policies and agendas promoting multiculturalism and diversity.